The European Union is a club of 28 European Countries. Each of these countries pays to be a member and in return, they get access to special ways of working together. This includes being part of a “single market”, which means that countries can trade with one another and people can move around freely – as if we were all living together in one big country. The EU has its own parliament, laws and currency (the euro – although the UK doesn’t use this).

The 48 per cent who voted to remain in the EU, including former Prime Minister David Cameron, felt that being a member of a 28-nation club is better than going it alone. They felt it was easier for us to sell things to other EU countries, meaning it was good for businesses and trade. So why did over half of voters (51.9 per cent) in the UK want to leave this special club?

How does Brexit affect people?

The idea of the single market was to increase trade between countries, creating jobs and lowering prices. However, the European Parliament decides on many rules and standards that EU countries have to follow and critics felt that we were losing control of our own affairs and laws. The UK pays billions of pounds in membership fees to the EU every year and some people felt that we weren’t getting much back in return for this. Also, many people are moving from poorer countries to richer countries around the world. This has made some people in the UK worry about the free movement rule, which allows people in the EU to move to any other EU country without needing special permission. This was a key issue for many voters and the Leave campaign won by just 4 per cent.

Once the referendum had taken place, new Prime Minister Theresa May had to trigger a special plan called Article 50which she did on 29 March 2017. This is a formal way of telling the European Council about the UK’s plans to leave the EU.

Once Article 50 was triggered, Theresa May had to get agreement from the UK Parliament – the House of Commons and the House of Lords – on her proposed Brexit deal. This has happened and the UK Government is now in talks with the EU to decide exactly how the split should happen. This is a complicated process as all the remaining 27 countries’ parliaments have to agree with the deal.

Finally, here is the final diary entry that Ted and Ellie will put on TFRC for Ted and Ellie’s Diary: Revealed. Last week, Jack accidentally was spotted returning some stolen matches from a wooden shed at school. Unfortunately, Ellie noticed him doing it, saw the suspicious look in his eyes, and immediately jumped to the conclusion- he was trying to burn the shed down. Anxious and distraught, Ellie ran home before the story could unfold. Therefore, Jack ran to her house to explain, and caused a lot of trouble for Ellie, Ted and himself. Eventually, Ellie and Ted came home from their trip and they all managed to discuss things and sort everything out. Jack has written a sincere apology, and wants to share it with TFRC.

To Ellie and Ted,

Recently, I have caused trouble for you and your family, and I want to apologise for it. I made you feel worried, terrified and absolutely hysterical (especially you, Ellie) and a simple mistake has transformed into utter chaos. I have tried to do a good deed and wreaked havoc everywhere.

Hopefully you will understand that although I tried to fix everything I did, it made everything worse and I really tried to do the right thing. One of my multiple diary entries stated “Desperately, I scrubbed at the carpet, however the brush was covered in soot and dust and left a fiendish black stain instead of clearing up the mess.” I hope you realise that what I have done was an accident, and I did not want it to unfold like this.

Yours sincerely,

Jack